The history of sports science dates back to before 210 AD, when Greek physician Claudius Galen performed some of the first research on improving health (proper nutrition), aerobic fitness and the strengthening of muscles.
The father of sports medicine was made physician to the gladiators in the Pergamon arena in Asia Minor and his methods then were published, according to Sports Medicine And Exercise Science.
Research on sports and physical activity has expanded monumentally since then, with the advent of the Gutenberg printing press and the mushrooming of universities. As early as the late 1800s, we see articles on physical activity appearing in the first volume of the American Journal of Physiology.
In our world of zumba and kale, health and wellness dominates the era, along with multi-billion dollar industries centred around professional sports and personal fitness. The UK fitness industry alone is worth £5 billion and Forbes estimates the worth of the North American sports industry to reach US$73.5 billion by 2019. There’s never been a time in which the pursuit of knowledge in sports science has seen such high demand.